12 Risk Factors Related to Causes of Babies Born Premature

Every pregnant mother certainly wants a healthy pregnancy, a perfect baby, and a smooth, unimpeded and age-appropriate delivery, or born according to the estimated time of delivery that has been predicted.

However, under certain conditions it turns out that there are some pregnant women who are forced to give birth early, or what is known as premature birth.

Reported from healthline, Birth is considered premature if it occurs before the 37th week of gestation. A normal pregnancy lasts about 40 weeks.

The final weeks in utero are critical for healthy weight gain and for the full development of various vital organs, including the brain and lungs. This is why premature babies may have more medical problems and may require longer hospital stays. They may also have long-term health problems, such as learning disabilities or physical disabilities.

In the past, premature birth was the leading cause of infant death in the United States. Today, the quality of care for newborns has improved, as has the survival rate for premature babies. However, premature birth is still the leading cause of infant mortality worldwide. Premature birth is also a major cause of long-term nervous system disorders in children.

Causes of premature birth

Unfortunately, the cause of babies born prematurely often cannot be identified, Mother. However, certain factors are known to increase a woman’s risk for early delivery.

A pregnant woman with any of the following conditions is more likely to have a premature birth:

  • Have diabetes
  • Have heart disease
  • Have kidney disease
  • Have high blood pressure

Pregnant women also have a greater chance of giving birth prematurely if they are under 17 or older than 35.

Newborn baby little hand hold by adult man hand of his fatherIllustration of a premature baby/ Photo: iStock

Risk factors that can cause babies to be born prematurely

Reported from Mayo Clinic, although the specific cause of premature birth is often not known with certainty. However, there are known risk factors for preterm birth, including:

  • Had a previous premature birth
  • Pregnancy with twins, triplets or other multiples
  • Interval of less than six months between previous pregnancies
  • Fertilization through in vitro fertilization
  • Problems with the uterus, cervix or placenta
  • Smoking or using illegal drugs
  • Multiple infections, especially of the amniotic fluid and lower genital tract
  • Some chronic conditions, such as high blood pressure and diabetes
  • Being too thin or even overweight before pregnancy
  • Stressful life events, such as the death of a loved one or domestic violence
  • Multiple miscarriages or abortions
  • Physical injury or trauma


Although the exact cause of preterm birth is often unknown, there are several things that can be done to help mothers, especially those at increased risk, to reduce their risk of preterm birth, including:

Progesterone Supplements. Women who have a history of preterm birth, a short cervix or both of these factors may be able to reduce their risk of preterm delivery by taking progesterone supplementation.

Cerclage Cerclage. This is a surgical procedure performed during pregnancy in women with a short cervix, or a history of cervical shortening resulting in premature birth.

During this procedure, the cervix is ​​sutured with strong sutures that can provide extra support to the uterus. The stitches are removed when it is time to deliver the baby. Ask your doctor if you need to avoid strenuous activities for the rest of your pregnancy.

Special care for premature babies

If you give birth to a premature baby, your baby will likely need a longer hospital stay in a special care unit at the hospital. Depending on how much care your baby needs, he or she may be admitted to an intermediate care ward or neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Doctors and a specialized team with training in treating premature babies will be available to help care for your baby. If you have a premature baby, don’t hesitate to ask them anything.

Your baby may need extra help suckling, and adapting soon after delivery. Your health care team can help you understand what your baby’s needs and care plans will be.

Thus information about babies born prematurely including some of the alleged causes. Although there is no clear reason why babies are born prematurely, maintaining your health and nutritional intake during pregnancy can help increase your potential for giving birth according to the previously predicted schedule. Hopefully useful, Mother.

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