12 Types of Databases, Definitions, Examples & Explanations

There are various types database which have different functions and purposes. Starting from type external, analytical, relational and so forth. Many types database This sometimes even makes you quite dizzy and confused to understand it, right?

However, before discussing further about the types, do you know what they are? database? If not, let’s look at the explanation regarding the meaning, types of database and the following example! Check it out!

What’s that Databases?

In general, understanding database is a collection of information or data that is neatly arranged in a computer device systematically and can be managed using a DBMS application program.Database Management System).

DBMS functions to process data as well as to connect between database that exists with its users, so you can perform a number of activities, such as creating, updating, transferring, and other administrative activities.

The types of data stored are in the form of tables, reports, schemas, queries, and other objects according to the type database-his.

Types database and example

After understanding what a database is, we will now discuss its types. In the world of information technology, there are various models or types of databases because of their different functions and purposes. However, when detailed, the types of databases are as follows.

id="1-distributed-database">1. Distributed Database

The first type of database is distributed database. This is a type of database that consists of a combination of sites and is spread over many different locations. Nevertheless, all of databaseremain connected to each other in a computer network.

In its application, the system function distributed database is to pass data through workgroup offices or companies, each of which is processed independently. One example database distributed system is Microsoft Office Access.

id="2-centralised-database">2. Centralized Database

Centralized Database It is the opposite of a distributed database. The reason is, this type of database is only concentrated in one location, not spread to a number of places like distributed databases. Thus, users who are in various locations just have to access it using the internet network, even from a distance.

id="baca-juga-database-administrator-dba-tugas-skill-dan-prospek-kerjanya">Also read: Database Administrator (DBA): Duties, Skills and Job Prospects

3. Operational (Real-Time) Database

Database operations is type database also known as On-line Transaction Processing (OLTP). Its function is to manage and update dynamic data continuously real-time.

So, it can be said that operational databases allow you to do several things, from adding, deleting, or changing data. An example of this database is JavaScript Object Notation (JSON). JSON is often used as a medium for exchanging data in web server and web browser where the synchronization occurs automatically real-time.

4. Data Warehouse

Other types of databases are Data Warehouse commonly referred to as Enterprise Data Warehouse (EDW). This type of database is considered a key element in Business Intelligence (BI) and is often used for data analysis and reports.


is because Data Warehouse collects up-to-date data from many different sources into one centralized and unified location to produce an analytical report. One example of a database warehouse is Microsoft SQL Server.

5. In Memory Database

In Memory Database is a database type commonly found on hardware. The database operates on a main memory basis, so the procedure will be quite different when using disks on a storage management basis.

Main memory will make the database work faster due to the optimization of a simple internal algorithm. Thus, telecommunication networks usually utilize the memory database model because it requires fast and immediate operation.

6. Analytical Database

The next type of database is Analytical Databases, which is a database that is useful for storing and processing external big data, such as business, customer, and market information for analysis business intelligence (BI). Generally, type database analytical is needed by organizations or management companies, to other users.

Also read: Data Mining: Definition, Functions, Methods and Applications

7. Navigational Database

Navigational Database is type database which helps its users to search for certain information using related keywords. Generally, the data and information are in the form of objects from a number of sources or references.

id="8-external-database">8. External Database

The external database is a type of database providing channels or access to external parties. This is like when a commercial service requires a certain payment so that someone can obtain or access a number of its service products.

The database is ultimately very useful for end-user. Thus, this database type can also be referred to as Commercial Databasean example is Oracle.

9. Hypermedia Database

Hypermedia Database is a collection of multimedia pages that are connected to each other in a website. The hyperlink feature is used to access this type of database.

Later, every web page will be connected to each other via home page using URL address codes from other sources. The media are in the form of images, music, videos, text, graphics, and the like.

10. Relational Database

Relational Database is one of a kind database most popular and widely used. In the relational type, each data is connected and arranged in a table consisting of rows and columns, each of which represents a data value.

Relational databases generally use Structured Query Language (SQL) as a programming language in Relational Database Management System (RDBMS). An example of this type of database is MySQL which has been used by various large sites, such as Facebook, YouTube, to Google.

11. Document Oriented Database

Document Oriented Database is a computer program designed for document implementation. In contrast to the relational database type with a tabular format, this type of database records every information in the form of a special document.

Also read: What is Big Data? Recognize the Benefits and Importance for Business

12. End-User Database

End-User Database is type database managed by the end user using his or her own workstation. Thus, the data file is managed independently through the user’s method.

Database end-user applies to documents that are offline and stored in personal devices. An example of an end-user database is spreadsheet and download files.

Thus the discussion about the types database and examples that you need to know. The various types of databases above certainly have their respective functions and purposes, so you just have to adapt them to your needs. Don’t forget to check the cheap web hosting service offers so you don’t miss the discounts and promos right now!