What is Mikrotik? Mikrotik is a Linux-based operating system that makes it easier for users to use internet services from any device, such as in an internet cafe. Here, the computer acts as a router a network.
It should be underlined that mikrotik and router are two different things. The difference between the proxy and the router can be seen from the physical type. Where mikrotik is software or software, and router is hardware or hardware.
If you still don’t really understand what Mikrotik is, that’s okay. Because Jagoan Hosting has summarized the complete information below. Don’t miss it, okay?
What is Mikrotik?
As stated above, Mikrotik is a software-based operating system that is used to use a computer as a router for a network. Mikrotik uses the Linux operating system as the basis network
In the router, the computer can also include many features such as IP Network network wireless, internet cafe providers, and hotspots. So, it can be said that Mikrotik is an operating system that is very helpful for users.
Mikrotik is a system specifically designed to facilitate various needs computer network. For example, designing and building a system computer network for large and small scale.
The more advanced the world of technology, Mikrotik also has many additional features. These features make Mikrotik increasingly attractive to users. Some additional features of Mikrotik are:
- Monitoring or accounting
- Caching DNS Client
- Routing Static Routing
- Firewalls and NAT
- Web Proxy
- Tools, and several other features.
Initially mikrotik is the name of a small company formed by John Trully and Arnis Riekstins and has offices in the center of the country of Latvia. In the 1966’s, they both started with Linux and MS DOS operating systems and combined with technology wireless LAN or WLAN Aeronet which has a speed of up to 2 Mbps in Moldova.
At one point they both served about five new customers in Latvia. And over time, the basic principles of mikrotik no longer make wireless ISP only, but also can create a router program that is reliable, can even be used in all countries.
Also read: What is an ISP? Take a peek at the example, how it works and its function
After knowing the meaning and a little history of Mikrotik, let’s discuss about Mikrotik functions. Mikrotik functions and uses are:
- Local network configuration
First, the function of Mikrotik is to set up and configure LAN or Local Area Network that uses a Mikrotik Router OS PC and hardware with lower specifications.
- Provide authentication system
The next function of Mikrotik is to be able to help block sites that contain prohibited content. Thus, the use of Mikrotik will support the creation of a positive internet as a first step in reducing inappropriate or indecent content.
- Act as a hotspot
Third, the function of Mikrotik is that it is able to act as a hotspot, which will make it very easy to configure and share files bandwidth
- For internet network system management
Next, Mikrotik for a more centralized internet network. That way, administrators can manage and manage data more optimally.
- PPPoE server creation
The last Mikrotik function is used for devices in making PPPoE servers.
Benefits of Mikrotik
Bro, do you already know about the benefits of Mikrotik? Well, the following Jagoan Hosting will explain what are the 3 benefits obtained from using Mikrotik in building an efficient and effective network administration system, of course!
- As Internet Gateway on local network
Mikrotik actually uses none other than to connect several local networks to the internet. In addition, the proxy router plays an important role in regulating the flow of data traffic. Furthermore, the use of Mikrotik is also as a content manager from the internet that can be accessed by users client.
- Connecting Between Networks (Routing)
Mikrotik has the main features, namely: routing. The function of its application is to connect several networks and determine which path is the best and fastest to arrive at the computer address which is aimed.
- As an Access Point
Mikrotik is equipped with various features based on wireless which serves as Access Point on the network Wireless Fidelity. You can find its application in local public networks such as cafes, schools, offices, campuses and other public networks.
Also read: What is Latency? Definition, Causes, and How to Calculate
Types of Mikrotik
In the market, Mikrotik is available not only one type. Mikrotik company developed 2 Mikrotik products named RouterBoard and RouterOS. Not only the type, the way the settings are different according to their needs. Here’s the explanation:
- Mikrotik RouterOS
The first of the types of Mikrotik is RouterOS, where the OS used is UNIX-based and has a plus value compared to RouterBoard. In addition, this type also provides features ranging from firewall packages, hotspots, router packages, bridges, proxy servers, and so on. Only by using the OS, you can build your own router.
- Mikrotik RouterBoard
The second type of Mikrotik is RouterBoard, in contrast to RouterOS which uses software. This type of Mikrotik utilizes a hardware operating system developed by the Mikrotik company.
RouterBoard is very small and easy to use. Then, you can also install RouterOS on a properly configured RouterBoard.
RouterBoard consists of a RAM, ROM, processor, and flash memory. Which is where the market price is quite affordable, which is around 600-800 thousand rupiah for one RouterBoard device.
How to Set the Right Mikrotik
Finally, Jagoan Hosting will provide a brief explanation of the process for connecting Mikrotik to the internet network.
- First, you need to configure the IP Address, default route, NAT Masquerade, DNS server, DHCP server, and bridging.
- Perform the process sequentially starting from setting the IP address on interface connected to the ISP.
- Then, enter the IP and do a PING test on the gateway or IP address from the ISP. The trick, just open a terminal menu and enter the mode Command Line Interface.
- Do the PING test again and enter the IP address.
- Configure the default route with the gateway IP address.
- You can reopen the terminal to test internet connection and try setting up a DNS server from Google.
- Finally, type the IP address and tick checkbox which reads “allow”, and test again by doing a PING test on all existing URLs.
That was an explanation of the meaning of Mikrotik, its functions, benefits, types and how to connect it to the internet network. Mikrotik is a very important software, especially if you want to open an internet network such as an internet cafe. Good luck!