Perhaps, many already know that Vatican City is one of the smallest countries in the world. However, did you know that in this world there are other countries that are also small in size? Well, for those of you who don’t know the answer, take a look at this article so that your insight into the smallest country in the world will increase.
When asked to answer which is the smallest country in the world, maybe you will feel confused. So, so you don’t get confused anymore, it’s better to read a brief review of the smallest countries in the world in this article.
Maybe in your mind, the country is one area that has a wide plain or ocean. Indonesia itself has a total area of about 1,910,931 km2with a breakdown of 1,811,569 km2 land and the rest is ocean.
However, did you know that in this world there are many very small areas? In fact, there are some that do not reach 100 km2. Maybe if you imagine, these countries are only as big as one city in Indonesia.
That means, in just a day, you might be able to surround these small countries. So, which countries are the smallest in the world? Here we have summarized the information. Come on, read on!
1. Vatican City
You may already be familiar with this one country. Vatican City is one of the smallest countries in the world consisting of a land area of 0.44 km2 just.
The name Vatican City was first used in the Lateran Treaty which was signed on February 11, 1929. The political agreement contained various things, one of which was a statement to appreciate the complete independence of the Holy See in Vatican City.
The word vatican itself comes from the name of the Etruscan settlement, Vatica or Vaticum which means garden. In Italy, this area is officially known as the Città del Vaticano or Stato della Città del Vaticano.
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Have you ever heard of this country? Monaco is a sovereign country located on the Côte d’Azur, Western Europe. The area is about 2.2 km2 and consists only of plains only.
In 2016, census data showed the population in one of these smallest countries was around 38,400 residents. Most of the population comes from France, Monegasques, Italy, England, America, and others. Officially, the people of Monaco speak French. However, there are also some who communicate in Italian and English.
According to the 2012 CIA World Factbook, Monaco has the lowest poverty rate with the highest percentage of billionaires in the world. One of the main sources of income from this area is the visiting tourists. Every year, there are many foreign tourists who are attracted to casinos or gambling places and the climate tends to be warm.
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The Republic of Nauru, formerly known as the Pleasant Island, is an island nation in Micronesia, Central Pacific. This area is adjacent to Banaba Island in Kribati. Nauru has a land area of approximately 21 km2.
Based on 2016 census data, Nauru has approximately 11,347 inhabitants. This makes this area as one of the countries with the smallest population in the world. The majority of people on Nauru are ethnic Nauruan. However, there are also some residents who come from Europe and other islands.
The official language of Nauru is Nauruan, a Pacific Island language spoken by the majority of people in this area when they are at home. English is widely spoken in government and commerce as Nauruan is not common abroad.
Maybe, you are still unfamiliar with one of the smallest countries in the world. The country, formerly known as Ellice Island, is a volcanic archipelago located between Hawaii and Australia. The land area of this archipelago is only 26 km2 just.
According to census data in 2002, the population in Tuvalu stands at 9,561. Then in 2012 there was a slight increase, which was to 10,640. In 2017, the population of Tuvalu reached 11,192 inhabitants.
The majority of the population here comes from the Polynesian tribe. The language used daily is Tuvaluan which is spoken by almost all people in this region. Sometimes, people also communicate using English, but not in daily life.
From 1996 to 2002, Tuvalu was one of the best-performing economies on the Pacific Island. However, economic growth slowed after 2002. Its main income comes from sales and fishing.
5. San Marino
The Republic of San Marino or known as the Serene Republic of San Marino is a closed country surrounded by the Italian peninsula. Precisely on the northeast side of the Apennine Mountains, Southern Europe. One of the smallest countries in Europe, it only has an area of about 61 km2.
The republic’s economy is very stable with the lowest unemployment rate in Europe, no national debt, and has the highest car ownership rate in the world. In other words, San Marino became one of the richest and most developed countries in Europe.
The main income of San Marino comes from banking, electronics industry, and ceramics industry. Not only that, the republic also produces several agricultural and livestock products, such as wine and cheese.
Based on the 2018 census data, San Marino has about 33,344 residents of which a small proportion are foreigners. As many as 12,000 of its citizens are currently living abroad, such as Italy, the United States, France, Argentina, and others. One of the smallest countries in the world communicates using Italian.
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You may not be familiar with this area. Liechtenstein or Principality of Liechtenstein is a region located on the eastern bank of the Rhine and is between Austria and Switzerland. One of the smallest countries in the world has an area of 160 km2.
Based on 2017 census data, this area has around 38,547 residents. The official language of the people of Liechtenstein is German. Most residents have an Alemannic dialect which is very different from the normal German dialect.
Liechtenstein has limited natural resources. However, this area has more registered companies than its citizens. Liechtenstein succeeded in developing a prosperous and highly industrialized free enterprise economy.
Not only that, Liechtenstein also develops electronics, textiles, precision instruments, metal manufacturing, anchor bolts, medicine and food products industries. The international company and its largest known company is Hilti which manufactures electrical equipment. This area also produces agricultural and livestock products such as wheat, corn, potatoes, dairy products, and wine.
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The Republic of the Marshall Islands is a country located in the western Pacific Ocean. It is bordered by Nauru and Kribati to the south, Micronesia to the west, and Wake Island to the north.
The archipelago has few natural resources and their imports far exceed exports. According to the CIA, the value of exports in 2013 was around USD 53.7 million, while imports amounted to about USD 133.7 million. The republic’s main production is in the form of agricultural, fishery and livestock products, such as coconut, fruits, pork, fish, chicken, and many others.
The land area of these islands is about 181 km2 and the water area is about 11 km2. Based on 2011 census data, the population of this area is about 53,000 residents. More than two-thirds of the population lives in Marshall’s capital, Majuro.
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Is There The Smallest Country In The World You’ve Been To?
Thus the row of the smallest countries in various parts of the world. Perhaps, some of them have already been visited by you. If you haven’t, at least you know which are the smallest countries in the world and their brief reviews.
After reading this article, which area would you like to visit? When visiting one of these countries, approximately how long will it take you to get around it? Maybe, within a day you can visit all the tourist attractions in this not so vast country.
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