Definition of Terms related to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)

RahmanCyber ​​NET | HEALTH ARTICLES – Currently the world is fighting against the virus COVID-19 which is a new type of coronavirus that can spread from human to human.

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Every day even news and information are scattered whether it’s on website channels in the form of articles, video channels, or television. Yes, we know that COVID-19 this is still in Indonesia, and you can see the news for yourself in several trusted media.

And here RahmanCyber ​​NETactually also a bit worried when posting articles about or related to COVID-19,

because it is true that what we post should not be misleading. We know that here we are not a big media at this time, but in posting articles or information, especially for cases that are not playing games like this, misinformation can harm other people, so here we take it from a source that may be more reliable. Below we embed the source, so you can CROSSCHECK the truth.

What is coronavirus?

The coronavirus is a very common cause of colds and upper respiratory tract infections.

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19, short for “Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) or in Indonesian coronavirus

disease 2019,” is the official name given by the World Health Organization World Health Organization (WHO) for
the disease caused by this newly identified coronavirus.

How many people have COVID-19?

The numbers change rapidly.

The latest information is available from the World Health Organization / World Health Organization (WHO)the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and Johns Hopkins University.

It has spread so quickly and to so many countries that the World Health Organization has declared it a pandemic (a term indicating that it has affected a large population, region, country, or continent).

community spread (community transmission): said to occur when people are infected without knowledge of contact with someone who has the same infection

contact tracing / contact tracing: a process that starts with identifying every person diagnosed with a certain disease (in this case COVID-19) has been in contact since they were infectious. Contacts are told they are at risk, and may include those who share a home with the person, as well as people who are in the same place around the same time as the person with COVID-19 — a school, office, restaurant, or doctor’s office, for example. Contacts can be quarantined or asked to self-isolate if they start to develop symptoms, and more likely to be tested for the coronavirus if they start to develop symptoms.


refers to limiting the spread of disease. Since there is no vaccine to prevent COVID-19 and no specific therapy to treat it, containment is carried out using public health interventions. This may include identifying and isolating those who are sick, and tracing who they have come into contact with and possibly placing them under quarantine.

epidemic / epidemic: disease outbreak in a community or region

flattening the curve: refers to the epidemic curve, a statistical graph used to visualize the number of new cases over a certain period of time during a disease outbreak. Flattening the curve is shorthand for implementing a mitigation strategy to slow things down, so that fewer new cases develop over a longer period of time. This increases the likelihood that hospitals and other healthcare facilities will be equipped to handle the influx of patients.

incubation period: the period of time between exposure to infection and when symptoms begin


separation of people with infectious diseases from people who are not sick

mitigation / mitigation: refers to the steps taken to limit the impact of a disease. Since there is no vaccine to prevent COVID-19 and no specific therapy to treat it, mitigation strategies can include frequent and thorough hand washing, not touching your face, staying away from people who are sick, social distancing, avoiding large gatherings, and regularly clean frequently touched surfaces and objects at home, at school, at work, and in other settings.

pandemics / pandemics: an outbreak of a disease that affects a large population or an entire region, country, or continent

presumptive positive test result: a positive test for the virus that causes COVID-19, carried out by a local or state health laboratory, is considered “presumptive” until the results are confirmed by the CDC. While waiting for confirmation, people with a suspected positive test result will be considered infected.

quarantine / quarantine: segregating and restricting the movement of people who have an infectious disease, have symptoms consistent with the disease, or have an infectious disease, to see if they become sick

SARS-CoV-2 / SARS-CoV-2: short for acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, SARS-CoV-2 is the official name for the virus responsible for COVID-19.

social distancing: refers to actions taken to stop or slow the spread of an infectious disease. For an individual, this refers to maintaining sufficient distance between you and others to reduce the risk of breathing in the droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. In a community, social distancing measures may include limiting or canceling large gatherings of people.

virus / virus: virus is the smallest infectious microbe, smaller than bacteria or fungi. Viruses consist of a small piece of genetic material (DNA or RNA) surrounded by a protein shell. Viruses cannot survive without living cells to reproduce. Once the virus enters a living cell (host cell) and takes over the work of the inside of the cell, the cell is unable to perform its normal life-sustaining task. The host cell becomes the virus-making factory, making viral fragments that then reassemble into the whole virus and continue to infect other cells. Eventually, the host cell dies.

What is Lockdown?

Quoted from CambridgeLockdown is a situation where people are not allowed to enter or leave a building or area freely for reasons of something emergency.

What’s that World Health Organization (WHO)?

The World Health Organization is a United Nations agency that acts as the international public health coordinator and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. WHO founded by the United Nations on 7 April 1948. The current Director General is Tedros Adhanomwith headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

You can find the latest information posted by this organization at
Or you can find it directly in the google search box with the keyword “WHO” without the quotes, because now this site is being featured.

But it does speak English, guys…

for the latest updates please visit the source directly…

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