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Hirarki Peraturan Perundang-undangan dalam TAP MPRS No. XX 1966 – Sebagai negara hukum, Indonesia memiliki tingkat kebijakan publik yang dituangkan dalam bentuk peraturan perundang-undangan.

Peraturan Perundang-undangan adalah peraturan tertulis yang memuat norma-norma hukum yang bersifat mengikat secara umum. Hirarki peraturan perundang-undangan telah diatur dalam TAP MPRS Nomor XX/MPRS/1966.

TAP MPRS Nomor XX/MPRS/1966 tentang Memorandum DPR-GR tentang Ketertiban Sumber Hukum Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia dan Tata Tertib Peraturan Perundang-undangan menetapkan Pancasila sebagai sumber segala sumber hukum dan ketertiban peraturan perundang-undangan.

Dalam TAP MPRS Nomor XX/MPRS/1966 dijelaskan bahwa perwujudan dari segala sumber hukum Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia adalah:

  • Proklamasi kemerdekaan 17 Agustus 1945.
  • Dekrit Presiden 5 Juli 1959.
  • Konstitusi.
  • Surat Perintah 11 Maret 1966.

Tatanan Peraturan Perundang-undangan dalam TAP MPRS Nomor XX/MPRS/1966

Dalam TAP MPRS Nomor XX/MPRS/1966 diatur tata tertib peraturan perundang-undangan, yaitu:

  • [1945ConstitutionoftheRepublicofIndonesia
  • MPR Decree.
  • Laws or government regulations in lieu of laws.
  • Government regulations.
  • Presidential decree.
  • Other implementing regulations, such as:
    • Ministerial regulation.
    • Minister’s instructions.
    • and others.

The 1945 Constitution is the highest form of legislation that forms the basis and source for all regulations under it in the state.

In accordance with the principle of the rule of law, every statutory regulation must be sourced and refers strictly to a higher level regulation.

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Weaknesses of TAP MPRS Number XX/MPRS/1966

The presidential decree in TAP MPRS Number XX/MPRS/1966 stipulated that presidential decrees included in the legislation were only “stipulations”.

Meanwhile, the norms of a statutory regulation must be general, abstract, and apply continuously.

In addition, the mention of ministerial instructions as statutory regulations is not appropriate because an instruction is individual and concrete and there must be an organizational relationship between superiors and subordinates.