Jakarta – Various conditions during pregnancy often make pregnant women unable to perform Ramadan fasting in full. Replacing it with a fidyah payment is something that needs to be done, Mother. Come on, see how to pay the following fidyah for pregnant women, Mother.
Fidyah itself is a word taken from the word fadaa which means ‘replace’ or ‘redeem’. For some people who are unable to fast with certain criteria, it is allowed not to fast and do not have to replace it at another time. However, in exchange, they are required to pay a fidyah.
There are provisions regarding who may not fast. This is stated in the letter Al-Baqarah verse 184.
“(That is) in certain days. So whoever among you is sick or on a journey (then he breaks his fast), then (it is obligatory for him to fast) as much as the day he left on the other days. And it is obligatory for those who find it difficult (if they do not fast) to pay fidyah, (ie): to feed a poor person. Whoever willingly does good, that is better for him. And fasting is better for you if you knew.” (Surat al-Baqarah: 184)
The criteria for people who can pay fidyah include:
1. Old parents who do not allow him to fast.
2. Seriously ill people with little chance of recovery.
3. Pregnant or breastfeeding mothers who are worried about their condition or their baby when fasting (on the recommendation of a doctor).
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Fidyah must be done to replace fasting by paying according to the number of fasting days left for one person. Later, the food was donated to the poor.
According to Imam Malik, Imam As-Shafi’I, the fidyah that must be paid is 1 mud of wheat (approximately 6 ounces = 675 grams = 0.75 kg or the size of the palm of the hand that is raised when praying).
Meanwhile, according to Hanafiyah scholars, the fidyah that must be issued is 2 mud or the equivalent of 1/2 sha’ of wheat. (If 1 sha’ equals 4 mud = about 3 kg, then 1/2 sha’ means about 1.5 kg). This second rule is usually used for people who pay fidyah in the form of rice.
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Also check out the video about the virtues of reading the Qur’an in the month of Ramadan: