Research Respondents: Characteristics, Terms, and Examples


When doing research, respondents are one of the things you definitely need. Usually, this research respondent will answer questionnaire in quantitative research. While in qualitative research, respondents generally play an active role through interviews.

Here Ipadguides presents a complete review of what a respondent is, starting with the definition and examples. Let’s see!

What is Respondent?

Respondents are subjects or people who are called to provide responses to answers from a person’s research. The types of questionnaires distributed to research respondents are in the form of representing individuals, couples, or organizations.

Understanding Respondents According to Experts

In order to understand more deeply about the meaning of the respondent’s words, consider the following explanation. Understanding respondents may be slightly different according to the opinion of some experts, this is the explanation.

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According to Amirin (1989) respondents are research subjects who function as a source of obtaining responses by asking someone who has been selected and determined by the researcher.

2. Arikunto

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3. Djam’an Satori

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4. Kerlinger

Kerlinger said that respondents are research subjects that are useful for providing responses to researchers’ statements to respondents.

5. Sugiyono

According to Sugiyono (2007) in determining the sample in qualitative research is significantly different from determining the sample in quantitative research. In determining the qualitative sample is not based on statistical calculations. The specified sample aims as a source of information.

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Meanwhile, according to Suharsimi (1989) the respondent is who will be the subject of the research and provide the limits. The research subject can be a person or an object.

Examples of Research Respondents

Next, there are 2 types of respondents, namely qualitative and quantitative research respondents. An example explanation is as follows.

1. Qualitative Research

For example, the research entitled “Financial Performance of PT. Pertamina during the Covid-19 Pandemic”. In this study, the object of research is PT. Pertamina, while the variable is Financial Performance. So, the respondents are the financial statements of PT. Pertamina.

2. Quantitative Research

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Also Read: Appropriate Qualitative & Quantitative Data Collection Techniques

Requirements for Research Respondents

After you know the meaning and examples of respondents, the next thing you need to understand is the requirements to become a respondent. These conditions include the following.

1. Qualitative research

Some general requirements when determining what kind of respondents are suitable for qualitative research are as follows:

  • Honest

  • Don’t break the promise

  • Obey the rules

  • Be active and responsive

  • Have the same opinion

  • Understanding the research topic

2. Quantitative research

As for quantitative research, there are only 2 general requirements, namely:

Characteristics of Research Respondents

Characteristics of respondents are what criteria will be given to research subjects so that the source of information on the research or experiment can be directed precisely and as expected. In this case, it also depends on the use of the type and research method.

Meanwhile, in order to find out how to determine the number of respondents to the questionnaire, there are several formulas and theories that you can use. For example, using the Aaker formula, Slovin’s formula, or Ferdinand’s theory.

Then, there is no definite limit for the minimum number of respondents to the research questionnaire, but most studies are based on the Slovin formula or the Aaker formula, the minimum number of respondents is 90 to 100 people.

Well, that’s the explanation of the respondents that Ipadguides managed to summarize for you. After reading the article above, of course you will understand more and more that respondents have a big role in a study. Interested in trying it? Let’s contribute and join as a Ipadguides respondent right now!

Also Read: Online Paid Survey Sites to Get Extra Cash

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