Understanding, Tasks, and Skills Required

Web development is one of the most sought after jobs. Interesting sector web development (where web developers work) is one of the fields that has a high supply of job opportunities.

It is not surprising that this sector is ogled and in demand by many people.

Now! For those of you who want to learn about web development and want to know how to become a web developer, the method is quite easy. But before learning more, you should know the various things that need to be learned to become a web developer.

What is a Web Developer?

Web developer is a profession whose job is to create applications and websites. This career choice is quite prospective because the longer it takes, the more companies that want to create a website.

Before you decide to become a web developer, of course, you must have a clear goal first. Do you want to dive into a career as a senior developer? Creating a website creation service? Or just create an online shop?

Therefore, the first step to becoming a web developer is to set goals. So that it is clearer to make decisions about what needs to be studied.

id="h-apa-saja-jenis-dan-tugas-web-developer">What are the Types and Duties of a Web Developer?

Now in the world of work there are three career choices in web developers, namely: Front-end Developer, Back-end Developerand Full-stack Developer.

What are the jobs and jobdesk for each of these careers? Let’s see the review below.

1. Front End Developer

Front end developer is a profession that is responsible for developing a website from a visual perspective using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

illustration of web display under development

A

front-end developer takes care of the overall website design. Starting from the menu (development, design, marketing, company), interaction buttons (displaying a free ebook banner), and images to improve the user experience when opening the website.

The name of the front-end itself is considered the same as the front page of a store that displays an overview or information before people want to enter it.

That

is why a front-end is required to be creative and have sufficient design skills – at least not to know about design. A front-end also thinks about how the flow of a website, how a visitor must interact, the navigation process, and also the comfort of visitors while surfing the website.

Now to accommodate these needs, apart from knowing about design, a front-end must at least master several programming languages, such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

2. Back End Developer

Backend developer is a profession whose job is to manage the back of the website, such as servers, receiving data from the front end, and others.

While the front-end deals with the front view, the back-end developers deal with writing code that is not visible to the visitor. Generally, back-end developers deal with various enhancements and improvements to system functions, APIs, libraries, and so on.

id="h-3-full-stack-developer">3. Full Stack Developer

A full stack developer is a combination of the two, must take care of the front-end to the back-end. So Full Stack Developers are required not only to have expertise in developing the front of the website but also in it.

In addition, a full stack developer must at least have knowledge of server management, API, websocket, database, programming, and website structure. It is also important to understand other disciplines related to the front display such as user experience (UX) and user interface (UI). Want to try?

Also read: Determining Effective Colors for Your Website Design

What are the Skills Needed by a Web Developer?

Here are the skills that each type of web developer needs to learn:

Front End Developer Skills

If you want to be a front end developer, here are the skills you must have:

1. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)

A website developer uses HTML to structure and create paragraph sections, headings, links or links, as well as blockquotes for web pages.

HTML is a programming language that has been used for a long time to develop websites. This language is the main point that should be known by people who want to enter the world of programming.

You

don’t need to worry because this programming language is famous for being easy to learn. When using HTML, you will be dealing with simple code structures such as tags and attributes to mark up web pages. For example, when you create a paragraph, simply insert a text between the opening

and closing

tags.

If you want to learn more about HTML, you can follow the Complete HTML Learning article for Beginners that we discussed earlier.

2. Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

CSS helps you to create a modern and attractive website.

The main function of CSS is to separate content from the visual appearance on the website. You can adjust the appearance of website elements written in a mark-up language, such as HTML. Well, through CSS you can change the color, position, and size of elements on the website very easily.

CSS can also create quite complex functions such as creating dropdown menus. You can take a peek at our article ‘How to Create an Easy CSS Dropdown Menu’. Apart from HTML, CSS can also be combined with JavaScript.

3. JavaScript

Of course, you want to create a website that has perfect navigation and appearance, all of which you can make using JavaScript. Using JavaScript, you can create various features from the simplest to the most complex. For example, layouts, galleries, buttons, carousels, and so on.

JavaScript is also capable of creating a variety of two-dimensional and three-dimensional animations, and even database-related applications if you want to develop them.

Now! The advantage of JavaScript compared to similar programming languages ​​is that there are many frameworks available.

You can read more about JavaScript in the article Learn JavaScript Guide For Beginners.

Those are the three points that are at least understood to be a web developer, especially the front-end. Want to know more points? Please read in the article 10 Skills that Front End Developers Must Have, which we have discussed previously.

Back End Developer Skills

So, if your career choice is back end developer, learn the following skills:

1. Structured Query Language (SQL)

you know databases? Well this SQL is useful when you want to collect various visitor information. When a visitor registers or fills out a form and submits it, SQL is tasked with executing a command to retrieve the data stored in the database.

So you can store information such as username, password, name, document, and so on using SQL.

You can also use SQL to display information that was previously stored in the database. In addition to storing and displaying information in the database, SQL can also delete and edit information in the database.

Of course, there are many SQL functions in the running of a website. When you create a sign up form, login, registration form, order, and so on, it’s all never separated from SQL.

2. Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP)

You must have seen the login or sign-up form, right? Now! These various forms are usually created using the PHP programming language. Not only that, PHP can also make your website look more attractive, dynamic (adjusting to the visitor’s device), and has maximum functionality.

How is it different from HTML? The website that uses HTML only results in static (unresponsive) so that it looks ordinary and monotonous. Meanwhile, when combined cms with PHP, the website can run more optimally and the appearance and navigation is more attractive.

In addition, the process of input and output with the database will be easier to do if you use PHP instead of HTML. How to? You can follow our article ‘How to Create CRUD With PHP And MySQL’ to learn the basics of using PHP with databases.

You can read more about PHP in the article ‘Understanding PHP and Its Functions’.

Also read: Learn PHP to Create a Web? Free on These 8 Websites

5+ Tips to Become a Successful Web Developer

illustration tips to become a successful web developer

Well, here are some tips so you can become a successful web developer. Anything?

1. Do Project Planning

Planning a project does sound complicated. However, this is very important because it has many benefits for you, you know. Starting from being able to save time, reducing stress when the deadline approaches, to increasing the possibility of finishing on time.

Then, how to plan a project? Simple! You can write down any project you want to work on on paper, in a notepad application, or use tools like Trello and Quire.

2. Always Update

The world of web developers is growing fast enough. So, you will be left behind if you are not always updated with news or changes in the world of web developers. Therefore, at least every day open a news portal or website that discusses web developers.

Here are some examples of websites so that you are always updated with the world of web developers:

3. Don’t be afraid to ask questions

You must be familiar with the proverb “Shame on asking astray on the road”. Well, the proverb also applies to web developers. There’s a lot to learn and remember as a web developer, so forgive me if you forget or don’t know everything.

So don’t be afraid to ask questions. You can ask fellow web developer friends, join the web developer community, or just ask Grandma Google.

4. Try Joining an Online Course

Now, online learning sites have mushroomed. As a result, anyone can learn any topic at a pocket-friendly cost. Even so with the online web developer course.

By taking online courses, you will learn from experienced mentors. So that your skills will certainly improve and can help you become a successful web developer in the future.

5. Thorough At Work

As a web developer, you have to be careful while working. Why is that? Because, one small mistake can make the website not work properly. For example, a bug or error appears when a visitor clicks on it.

Therefore, you must be careful when working and do not need to rush to do something. It’s best to double-check from the beginning before you hand the project over to your boss or client.

Also Read: Denny Triana: A Day in the Life of Engineering Manager

6. Always Communicate Anything

Communication is important in every job. Especially web developers who have to deal with clients or bosses. If there is an explanation or request from a client that is not clear, you should immediately ask at the beginning.

Likewise when there is a problem in the middle of the project. Immediately communicate the problem to the client or superior so that you can find a solution together. That way, the project can be completed on time and the results are satisfactory.

Also Read: 5+ Tips to Become a Reliable WordPress Developer

Ready to Become a Web Developer?

Nothing is impossible to become a web developer. With sufficient knowledge and the right goals, you too can become a successful web developer.

No matter what type of developer you choose, they all have their own market. So you don’t have to worry because you can choose to be a front end developer, back end developer, or full stack developer.

Choose the type of developer that suits your interests and abilities.

So first article from us. Hopefully this article on how to become a web developer can help you make that dream come true. If you still have some questions, don’t hesitate to send them in the comments column below. Hope it is useful!

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