Various Kinds of Legendary Batik Motifs from Various Regions

If you want to know the kinds of legendary traditional batik motifs, you are in the right place. This article can give you a little idea about the patterns of batik in the archipelago. Not only inspires you to dress but also adds to your insight into the richness of Indonesian culture.

You certainly know the traditional cloth called batik. However, did you know that from various types of Indonesian batik, there are several legendary motifs?

Batik is the art of writing or painting on a cloth that will be used as clothing. Overall, both the technique and the development of related motifs and culture, Indonesian batik is designated as a Humanitarian Heritage for Oral and Intangible Culture. This determination was made by UNESCO on October 2, 2009.

Batik comes from the Javanese language, namely ambatic. Amba means to write, and nitik means point.

The traditional fabric of the cultural heritage of this ancestor was identified with an ancient impression. However, as modern society becomes more adept at tinkering with clothing, this old-school cloth has become the prima donna again.

In the midst of everything that smells modern, it’s good to look again at the old batik models. What are you waiting for, let’s read to the end!

Types of Batik Based on the Making Technique

The process of batik is not something that simple. It takes a long time from each process.

Along with the times, the process of batik is increasingly varied. Even some of these traditional fabric producers are able to make these fabric creations in large quantities and in a short time. The following are three kinds of batik techniques.

1. Write

Source: Instagram – learn batik

Writing technique is the original technique in batik. This method does take longer than other techniques. Even the process can take up to months.

Because it is the result of handicrafts, each fabric produced will have a different feel. Fabrics produced by reliable craftsmen through this technique will bring out their own aesthetic and quality. This is what makes handmade batik expensive when sold.

The main tool used in batik using this technique is canting. Serves to write patterns on cloth using wax. In general, canting is made of copper (arrive) with a bamboo handle.

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2. Cap

Source: Instagram – sylvia.kho_

The process of batik using the stamp technique is not too long compared to the writing technique. This is because this method no longer uses canting to make patterns on the fabric. The processing time using this technique is usually about two to three days.

This method uses a stamp or stamp tool to make the motif. The trick is to dip the stamp tool in hot wax or wax, then press it on the fabric. The stamp tool has a certain pattern so that in the process it will produce a pattern that is repetitive.

The characteristics that distinguish stamped and written batik are the lines of the motif which are usually wider. In addition, the surface of the cloth is more shiny. The motif seems stiff because one ornament to another must be the same.

3. Printing

Source: Instagram – batiksabbe

Between these three techniques, the fabric results from the technique printing– who has a more affordable price. As the name suggests, printing, this technique uses a screen printing system. Therefore, canting, wax, and heating devices are not needed at all.

The manufacturing process begins with the selection of motifs, both traditional and modern batik motifs. Next, the pattern that has been selected is printed into a film and screened on the fabric. Thus, of course, this technique requires less time and a cheaper selling price than the two techniques mentioned above.

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Various Kinds of Legendary Batik Motifs from Various Regions

Of the various kinds of batik motifs spread across the archipelago, each has its own characteristics. It depends on the culture of each region.

In its development, the creations of modern batik motifs were also born. However, these creations must be the development of existing motifs. The following are various kinds of legendary batik motifs originating from various regions in Indonesia.

1. Machete

Source: Instagram – hindrawatipurwaningtyas

Parang is a motif from Java, Yogyakarta to be precise, which has a distinctive shape, which resembles the letter S that repeats and connects. If you hear the word machete, your mind must think that this motif comes from a machete weapon, right? Is it true that this machete weapon is the inspiration for the creation of the machete motif?

This motif comes from the meditation of a king named Danang Sutawijaya on the South Coast. He noticed the waves were rolling violently and coming and going. It was these waves that inspired Sutawijaya to create a machete pattern that depicts a spirit that never goes out and is known as Parang Rusak.

2. Kawung

Source: Instagram – batik_liya

Kawung batik motif is one of the oldest patterns. Originally from Central Java, Solo to be precise. It is said that, in ancient times, this simple batik motif could only be used by royal people just like the machete pattern.

The pattern is a sphere like kawung fruit, which is a type of coconut better known as palm. In addition, this kawung pattern is also interpreted as an image of a lotus flower with four leaves that are open. The lotus flower itself symbolizes longevity and purity.

3. The Seven Shapes Pattern

Source: Instagram –

These seven patterns come from Pekalongan and are very thick with natural nuances. In general, the handicrafts made by the Pekalongan people have pictures of animals and plants. These motifs are a mixture of local culture and ethnic Chinese culture.

In the past, Pekalongan was a transit point for traders from various countries. This causes cultural acculturation and makes Pekalongan batiks very thick with natural elements.

4. Mega Cloudy

Source: Instagram – batik_liya

The mega cloudy pattern is quite simple but gives the impression of luxury. Originally from the city of shrimp, Cirebon. Like Pekalongan, Cirebon is also heavily influenced by Chinese culture.

This pattern resembles a cloud with a touch of color that describes the impression of being cloudy. Cloudy here does not mean to describe feelings of sadness. Rather, it is a symbol of the wide sky, friendly, calm, and the bringer of rain that mankind has been waiting for.

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Look Fashionable with Various Legendary Batik Motifs

These are the kinds of legendary batik motifs inherited from our ancestors. It is only natural for us as the next generation to preserve this priceless cultural wealth.

How to preserve it is actually easy. Get rid of the shame of being labeled old school for using traditional cloth materials. Be a pioneer of today’s trendy styles by wearing traditional patterned clothes.

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