Ways of Catfish Farming for Beginners

Maybe many of you currently don’t know that the catfish farming business is very profitable.

This is because the treatment process for these fish tends to be easy, besides that catfish feed is relatively cheap. Cultivation of catfish is more efficient with the media in the form of a tarpaulin pond.

So it doesn’t need a lot of land. But for those of you who are still beginners, of course you will feel confused about how to raise these catfish. So the following will be reviewed on how to do catfish farming for beginners.

How to do catfish farming for a beginner?

You need to know, catfish is one type of fish that is very popular with the people of Indonesia. The nutrients contained by these fish are not inferior to the fish in the sea.

That’s why this one fish is very popular and much hunted by the wider community. In addition, the price of catfish is not too expensive and quite affordable.

You can cultivate this catfish using several media, such as cement ponds, soil ponds and tarpaulin ponds.

While for the type of pool that is most commonly used is a tarpaulin pool. The manufacturing process is also relatively cheaper if you compare it to an earthen pool or a cement pool.


addition to being viewed from a cost perspective, the process of preparing catfish farming using this pond is relatively more concise.

Because here you only need to prepare the land, pond tarpaulin, seeds, carry out maintenance and then harvest. For more details, the following will be reviewed one by one, including:

1. Prepare the Land

The first thing you need to do is that you have to prepare a large enough land, so that later you can use it as a pond.


land preparation can be done behind the house. Or you can also rent vacant land to later put a tarpaulin pond which is used as a medium for catfish cultivation.

style="text-align: left;">2. Prepare the Pool

The next way for a catfish business for beginners in a tarpaulin pool is to prepare a tarp which will later be used and used as a pond.

Form the tarp into a circle or rectangle, but still in an upright position. You can use iron or steel wedges.

Arrange the bricks to finally form a pool that can be filled with water. After the tarpaulin pool is available, the next step is to fill the pool with water.

Let the water stagnate for about a week until the pond is overgrown with phytoplankton and moss. Then here you can add some water to the pool.

3. Do a Seed Spread

The next step for a catfish business for beginners is that you spread the seeds that you bought earlier.

Spread the seeds in the pond, but before that you make sure that the seeds you choose are really good quality seeds.


characteristics of quality seeds are that they have a much more glossy color and have agile movements. The way to sow the seeds is not by mixing them directly together.

But you do it slowly and put some seeds in the bucket first. Next you put the bucket in the pond and let the seeds come out of the bucket by itself.

You can do this by giving a time lag every 30 minutes to spread the seeds.

Try to do the process of sowing your seeds later in the morning or evening. Because at that time the temperature of the water becomes cooler and is suitable for breeding catfish seeds.

4. Do Treatment

The next way to do catfish farming for beginners is to do maintenance. Treatment here can be done by giving quality feed to catfish.

Food is given at least once every 3 days, namely in the morning, afternoon and evening.

It is also important for you to pay attention to the volume of water in the tarpaulin pool. Adjust the volume to the size and age of the catfish.


here the age of the catfish is still in the first month, then the recommended water level is only 20 cm.

Meanwhile, when it reaches the second month, you can add a water level of up to 40 cm. And you make that height 80 cm when the catfish has entered the third month.

What are the advantages of doing catfish farming for beginners?

5. Harvest Time

When catfish cultivation has entered the age of three months, and the color of the water in the pond is initially moss green and begins to turn red, then it is a sign that your catfish is ready to be harvested.

Now you can catch it using a large net and can sell it to the market or through a collector.

Cultivating catfish is indeed very profitable and easy to do. Catfish farming also does not require too large a cost. For those of you who are interested, here are the benefits of 1000 head of catfish.

Take an idea if 1 catfish is worth Rp. 100, of course the capital required is Rp. 100,000.

For every 1000 catfish you will need at least 50 kg of animal feed which has a price of around Rp. 10,000 per kilogram.

So here the total cost of animal feed that you have to spend is IDR 500,000. If it is calculated with the capital to buy seeds, then you need Rp 600,000.

The next step is to calculate the income that will later be obtained. You can assume the success of this catfish is 90%.

With a 90% chance of success, then the total that you will be able to sell from 1000 catfish is 900 tails.

The more number of fish that can be sold, of course, the profit of 1000 catfish cattle will be maximized.

The selling price of catfish from a farmer is calculated based on kg of weight. That’s why, here you need to convert the number of catfish in kilograms of weight.

And for one catfish that is ready to be sold, the average weight will reach 0.2 kg. So that it can be assumed that the total weight is up to 180 kg.

The selling price of catfish itself tends to change from time to time. This is greatly influenced by the demand and scarcity of catfish itself.

But for convenience, here we can assume that the price for 1 kg of catfish is Rp. 17,000.

That way later the total income that you can get can reach IDR 3,060,000. The profit of 1000 head of catfish based on the data and description above is IDR 2,060,000.

Surely the value is quite tempting is not it? Therefore, for those of you who are interested in catfish cultivation, there is no need to procrastinate.