What is the Scrum Method? Definition, Role, Benefits & Stages

Did you know that scrum is one of the most widely used agile methods in technology, especially in product development. Even big companies like Google, Microsoft, and Amazon have implemented scrum in their projects, you know.

This is not surprising because Scrum is proven to make running a complex project easier. Interested in using it? Before that, let’s get to know more through this review, friend!

What is Scrum?

Scrum is framework or a development framework using the principles of an agile approach to be able to tackle all kinds of problems creatively and adaptively. This method was first introduced by Jeff Sutherland.

The key to the scrum framework is team collaboration. In other words, team strength plays an important role in the running of the scrum.

The members of the team are part of the scrum framework and not just from the tech world. Usually team members come from different backgrounds and work together to run role or their respective roles.

The Scrum framework has been widely used in large companies. In fact, many international companies have implemented this framework as their standard of work and are deemed able to significantly increase the company’s turnover.


scrum method can also be applied in various projects, such as software development companies, construction, manufacturing, and so on. This is why scrum is one of the most widely used types of agile.

One example of scrum is the development of the Windows operating system over time and can be developed again with this scrum method.

Phases in the Scrum Method

To apply the scrum method, there are at least three phases that must be passed, including:

1. Pre-game

The first phase of Scrum is pre-game, where you and your team will plan in advance what and how many tasks will be completed in a project in a coherent manner. Another name for the planning list is backlog.

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id="2-scrum">2. Scrum

list backlog earlier determined the next stage, namely scrum itself, where the product development process is actually put into practice. All team members must be able to work together optimally so that the project can be completed optimally and on time.

3. Post-game

Now, the last phase of scrum is post-game, where the product launches to the public after the project is finished and launched review previously.

Benefits of the Scrum Method

Scrum is a method of working on projects with great benefits for businesses. Therefore, you can try this method for your business, friend!

Some of the benefits of scrum are as follows.

1. Simplify the process

In product development, there are times when a business or company will find it difficult to choose which method for process efficiency. By applying scrum, you will find an easier way because it is divided into stages that can be presented in real terms.

id="2-monitoring-alur-pekerjaan">2. Monitoring workflow

In addition to simplifying the process because it is divided into several stages, Scrum also allows you to monitor the workflow of the team, friend! So, when there is a change in the workload, you can make adjustments quickly and the work flow is back in balance.

4. Always ready for change

Change will always exist in any industry or type of business, therefore a business or company needs the ability to be able to keep up with these changes by continuously adjusting the products or services offered.

The existence of this scrum method is considered to make it easier for the work and company to always be ready for any changes.

5. The method is interactive

The fifth benefit of the scrum method is that it is interactive because it involves the user or customer directly. This will also allow the company to know whether its products are well received or not.

6. Identifying problems and their solutions

Because the process is divided into several stages, it is easier to identify problems that occur in the middle of the process. In addition, problem solving or solutions will also be found quickly.

read: Knowing the Difference Between Scrum and Agile

Advantages of the Scrum Method

So, in order to better understand what impact or change you will get by using Scrum, some of the advantages of the Scrum method are as follows:

1. Increase ROI

The first advantage of using the scrum method is that it can increase ROI (Return on Investment) company. This is because of the way scrum works to produce something that is productive, creative, and has the highest possible value.

The results of the work are also flexible and able to adapt well to changes. Therefore, the faster and more productive workflow can save time and costs.

2. Improve product quality

Project work in Scrum will be tested in every part of the small process that has been divided. Thus, the final product produces better quality.

3. Speed ​​up the development process

A number of scrum experts believe that scrum can speed up the development or product launch process by 30-40% compared to traditional methods. This is because the planning has been carefully prepared and adapted to the needs of the project. So that project work delays can be minimized.

In addition, using Scrum allows you to be able to present products even though the entire project has not been completed, because at the beginning, product priorities have been determined.

4. Prevent the risk of project failure

As explained earlier, you can present your product even if the project is not completely finished. Therefore, if an error is found, it can be corrected immediately to prevent the risk of the project failing.

This is also supported by research results from the Scrum Alliance which states that there are around 60% of successful projects by implementing Scrum in the process.

5. Improve customer satisfaction

The last advantage of Scrum is that it can increase customer satisfaction. Because customers will be directly involved in the scrum process to provide opinions and input.

Thus, the products produced are truly in accordance with customer needs because they can directly review the process of working on their products. This will create its own satisfaction for your customers.

Who is on the Scrum Team?

In a Scrum work team, there are at least three roles that are divided, namely:

1. Product owner

Product owner is the person who should best understand the work of the Scrum team and its impact on the sustainability of the company’s business. On the other hand, product owner also acts as an intermediary between stakeholders and the scrum team.

In short, the product owner will be responsible for the business interests as well as the ROI value of the project.

2. Development team

Implementing a more detailed scrum framework is the task of para development or scrum team. There is usually a wide range of job skills in development team, such as developers, writers, UI/UX designers, and so on. They are the ones who will carry out the project execution to completion as a team.

3. Scrum master

If product owner take control of external relations with stakeholdersit is different with scrum master who is in charge of the team.

Scrum master is not a project manager or team leader, but rather a facilitator. They make sure a scrum project runs, however do not have job description share tasks with other team members.

later, scrum master will help the team understand the theory and implementation of the Scrum framework and ensure that every ongoing activity is in accordance with the Scrum work as it should.

How to Implement the Scrum Method

After knowing the benefits and advantages, are you interested in using Scrum? If so, there are several ways you should do to do it. More specifically, how to implement the scrum method is as follows.

1. Assign a team

Of course, the first way to implement the scrum method is to first establish a scrum team of 5 to 9 people. The hope is that all team members must be able to work well together.

The capabilities of the team may be the result of a combination of developers, designers, supporters, business analysts, testers, and so on. Later, this team will be responsible for the production of the products that will be presented later.

2. Determine the processing time

In Scrum, there is a term sprint which refers to a time span between 7 to 30 days for project work. Therefore, you can determine the processing time during the planning meeting and make sure all team members are committed to completing it.

Better do it review on the results of that work at the end of the sprint. Then, if there is an improvement, it must be done so that you can plan the next sprint well.

3. Define roles in the team

The third step in implementing scrum is to define the roles of team members. As explained earlier, there are several roles in a team, ranging from product owner, scrum masterand development team.

Choose who is appropriate and feels able to carry out the responsibilities of each of these roles.

4. Collect product backlog

As explained earlier, the customer will be involved in the process of working on this project. Therefore, you can collect first backlog the product that is all the customer stories to create and complete on this project.

The stories will be arranged in order of importance, usually consisting of:

  • Epics, which are high-level stories where the entire sketch doesn’t have much detail and is still rough
  • Stories, which are more detailed stories about goals and should or may be done.

From one epic or story, it is still divided into several parts. Epics are divided into stories, then subdivided into separate tasks. While stories are divided into several types and can be added in backlog by anyone and at any time.

5. Start a sprint

After collecting the backlog and determining the priorities, you can start planning your first sprint and doing it brainstorm with the team about what tasks will be completed.

This process is also known as sprint planning, and when all members have agreed, the sprint can be started.

That’s the discussion about scrum, the solution to solving various problems. From the article above, it can be understood that Scrum includes a framework for implementing agile development that can provide maximum benefits for companies. How bro, interested in implementing it?